[RUSSIAN - TURKISH TREATY] Traite entre la Turquie et la Russie. Signe a Moscou, le 16 Mars 1921.= Türkiye - Rusya Muahedenamesi (Moskova'da 16 Mart 1337 - 1921 tarihinde imza edilmistir)

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COMMISSION: YOUSSOUF KEMAL, DR. RIZA NOUR, ALI FOUAD, GEORGES TCHITCHERINE, DJELAL KORKMASSOFF., Imprimerie Ikdam, Constantinople, 1923.

Paperback. 4to. (31 x 22 cm). In French and Ottoman script (Old Turkish with Arabic letters). 21 p.: (text in French pp. 1-10; text in Ottoman Turkish pp. 1-11).

The Treaty of Moscow or Treaty of Brotherhood was a peace treaty between the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (TBMM), under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, and the Russian SFSR, under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin, signed on 16 March 1921. Neither the Republic of Turkey nor the Soviet Union was established at the time. The internationally recognized Turkish government at the time was that of Sultan Mehmed VI, but it was not a party to the Treaty of Moscow. The latter had signed the Treaty of Sèvres, which had been repudiated by the Turkish National Movement. Under the Treaty of Moscow, the two governments undertook to establish friendly relations between the countries. The treaty stipulated that the term "Turkey" therein meant the territories included in the National Oath adopted by the Ottoman Parliament on 28 January 1920. Article VI of the Treaty declared all the treaties theretofore concluded between Russia and Turkey to be null and void; under Article II, Turkey ceded Batum and the adjacent area north of the village of Sarp to Georgia (the Kars Oblast went to Turkey); Article III instituted an autonomous Nakhichevan district under Azerbaijan's protectorate; under Article V, the parties agreed to delegate the final elaboration of the status of the Black Sea and the Straits to a future conference of delegates of the littoral states provided that the "full sovereignty" and security of Turkey and "her capital city of Constantinople" were not injured. Turkey's borders, as well as those of Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan, as defined by the treaty as well as the nearly identical Treaty of Kars (signed on October 13, 1921), are still in existence. This is the booklet bearing the treaty's details in bilingual French and Turkish with Arabic letters. Extremely rare.

OCLC no. 283377845.