[PROPAGANDA / "AFZ" / SERBIA / WOMEN / JUGOSLAVIA / POSTER] Prvi Antifashistichki Miting Jena Srbije, Beograd,28 Januar 1945. [i.e. Antifastictika Fronta Zena Call of Meeting]. Artist: [Gleb] Kun (?).
THE WOMEN'S ANTIFASCIST FRONT OF YUGOSLAVIA - SERBIA.
The Women's Antifascist Front = Antifastictika Fronta Zena, Serbia / Yugoslavia, 1945.
Original color lithographed print poster. Mounted on cardboard. Slight chip on the left corner, not loose. A good poster. 44x28 cm. In Serbo-Croatian. Artist signature: Kun, [Gleb?]. Red and black theme on the white surface. The peasant Serbian woman with her head and right hand raised to the sky is depicted.
Antifastictika Fronta Zena [i.e. The Women's Antifascist Front] was a Yugoslav feminist and anti-fascist mass organization. The predecessor to several feminist front groups in the former Yugoslavia, and present-day organizations in the region, the "AFZ" was heavily involved in organizing and participating in the Partisans, the communist and multi-ethnic resistance to the Nazi occupation of Yugoslavia during World War II. It was formed by volunteers on 6 December 1942 in Bosanski Petrovac at the First National Conference of Women. In its early days, the organization was called the Antifascist Organization of Women (AOZ). In Croatia, the organization was named the Antifascist in front of women of Croatia. In Slovenia, there were a number of titles: Antifascist women association, Antifascist Front Women, Antifascist Front of Women. It was founded under the name of the Slovenian Antifascist Women Association. There was also a Slovenian Anti-Italian Women's Union. In Macedonia, it was called Antifascist front of women of Macedonia (Antifašistički front na ženite na Makedonija). In Serbia, there was the Antifascist Front of Women of Serbia, including the Antifascist Front of Women of Vojvodina (based in Subotica). Before World War II, many women organizations advocated for peace, fighting against the different totalitarian forces that were growing across Europe. During the war, however, many women organized themselves within the antifascist movement and strengthened their position. This is confirmed by the first document of the Supreme Headquarters and the National Liberation Army volunteer Yugoslavia, which at that time was the supreme authority in the liberated territories. In various documents, it confirmed women's active and passive voting rights, which they already possessed prior to 1941, as outlined in the Constitution, but were not allowed to exercise. [.] Women began to massively involve the NOP as soldiers, medical staff, politicians, and MPs. Different female structures, which were established in 1941 under various names, have been associated in the wider areas, and as of 6 December 1942, held the first National Conference of Women. The conference was attended by 166 delegates from all over Yugoslavia, except for Macedonia, because they did not occur because of both distance and security concerns. Then the Conference founded the Antifascist Front of Women with the aim of mobilizing women for assisting new units, helping partisan government bodies, participation in armed and sabotage actions, and for the development of 'Brotherhood and Unity' among women. AFZ played an influential role in the Second World War, after the Invasion of Yugoslavia. The NLA attracted about two million women. In military units, there were 110 000 women. During the war, 2,000 women became officers. AFZ Committees were also responsible were collecting clothes for the NOV, caring about children, wounded soldiers, working as front-line nurses, and performing agricultural tasks. Of the 305,000 fallen soldiers between 1941-1945, 25000 were women, and of the 405,000 injured 40,000 were women. The issue of legal equality did not arise, because the women through their participation in the national liberation movement had arguably already achieved certain rights. All that after FOCA regulations on the principles of equality enshrined in the later constitutions "new" Yugoslavia, and various laws, the result of the struggle of women themselves in the feminist and anti-fascist women's organizations before the war, as well as their struggle during the war. [.].
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