[OTTOMAN PALESTINE & JERUSALEM] A collection of 21 stereotype photographs from Ottoman Jerusalem and Palestine.

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UNDERWOOD & UNDERWOOD PUBLISHERS - WORKS AND SUN SCULPTURE STUDIOS. 

Underwood & Underwood Publishers [and] Works And Sun Sculpture Studios, Washington DC - New York - London - Toronto, 1900.

Original 21 stereotype photographs of Ottoman Palestine and Jerusalem. Each photo's size is standard: 9,5x18 cm. Descriptions on verso with six languages including English, French, Spanish, Russian, German, and Dutch. Some photos: The lower road to Bethany, southeast from Jerusalem, Palestine.; A tomb with the stone rolled away (Tombs of the Kings).; Valley of Kedron and Village of Siloam.; Bethlehem (Bazaar).; etc. Almost all photos include images from social life, native and local people with their dressings, and interesting buildings. Underwood & Underwood was an early producer and distributor of stereoscopic and other photographic images, and later was a pioneer in the field of news bureau photography. The company was founded in 1881 in Ottawa, Kansas, by two brothers, Elmer Underwood (born Fulton County, Illinois 1859 - died St. Petersburg, Florida 1947) and Bert Elias Underwood (born in Oxford, Illinois 1862 - died Tucson, Arizona 1943). They moved to Baltimore and then to New York City in 1891. At one time, Underwood & Underwood was the largest publisher of stereoviews in the world, producing 10 million views a year. The Underwood brothers developed a selling system of thorough canvassing using college students. They distributed stereographs for Charles Bierstadt, J.F. Jarvis, and the Littleton View Company. By 1887, they outgrew their original office in Ottawa and moved to New York City. Offices were also opened in Canada and Europe. In 1891, Bert learned how to operate a camera and thus the firm of Underwood & Underwood Publishing entered a new merchandising sphere. By 1897, the company had a number of full-time staff and freelance photographers. In the same year, the Underwoods purchased the businesses of Jarvis; Bierstadt; and, William H. Rau. Underwood & Underwood was publishing 25,000 stereographs a day by 1901. The firm still canvassed and sold its own stereographs. Around 1900, Underwood & Underwood introduced boxed sets, with specific themes, such as education and religion, and travel sets depicting popular tourist areas of the world. (Wikipedia). A fine stereoscopic photo collection on Ottoman Palestine and Jerusalem.