[MECCA IMPRINT - UZBEK JADID PIONEER] Akâid: Birinci baskiç (ibtidâî mekteb) için. [i.e. Islamic beliefs for primary schools]
MUNAVVAR KARI ABDURRESITHANOV (b. ABDURRESAD KHAN B. SATIB KHAN), (1878-1931)., M. Moosa Turkistani & Sons., Mecca / Saudi Arabia, [AH 1373] = 1957.
Original wrappers. Demy 8vo. (21 x 14 cm). In Turkmen with Arabic letters. 28 p. Restored spine, slight chippings on extremities, foxing on pages. Overall a good copy.
Early edition of this extremely rare booklet in the Turkmen language with Arabic letters on Islamic beliefs for the primary schools in Saudi Arabia, Mecca, written by one of the pioneers of the Jadid movement of Central Asia, published by Moosa Turkestani, the most important Jadid publisher in Saudi Arabia.
On the cover, written "inned dine indellahil Islam" in Arabic, which means "the only religion in the sight of God is Islam". After a short biography of the author, an introduction in two pages by the publisher Moosa Turkistani written in AH Sefer 1358. In the book, 12 brief articles about Islamic faiths are explained. The fihrist [i.e. contents] on the last page. Münevver Kâri was the leader of the movement of the Central Asian Jadidism. He is the founder of the New Theatre, the 20th-century Uzbek national press, and national education in the modern style. He attended Yunus Han Madrasa in Tashkent before going to Bukhara to study. He returned to Tashkent in 1901 and opened a school teaching in the New Method [i.e. Usûl al-Jadid]. The school he opened became the best organized and most important Jadid school in Turkestan. While he continued his educational work openly during the Soviet period, he made his political work secret. As its founder, he was also elected as the rector of Turkistan People's University in April 1918. In the 1920s, he led the secret organizations called "Millî Ittihât" [i.e. National Unity] and "Millî Istiklâl", [i.e. National Freedom] which struggled for the independence of the Uzbek country against the Soviets. Kâri also wrote many books and as a book publisher and trader, he helped to publish at least two newspapers. All of Münevver Kâri's friends and circle had participated in the reform movement in Central Asia. (Source: Mamer Online & Yedi Iklim, Issue: 167-168).
The Jadids were modernist Muslim reformers within the Russian Empire from the late 19th century to the early 20th century. They normally referred to themselves by the Turkic terms Taraqqiparvarlar [i.e. the Progressives], Ziyalilar [i.e. the Intellectuals], or simply Yashlar/Yoshlar [i.e. the Youth]. Jadid movement advocated for an Islamic social and cultural reformation through the revival of pristine Islamic teachings; while simultaneously engaging with modernity. Modern technologies of communication and transportation such as the telegraph, printing press, postal system, and railway as well as the religious literature spreading through periodicals, journals, newspapers, etc. played a major role in the dissemination of Jadid ideals. Although there were substantial ideological differences within the movement, Jadids came forward by their widespread use of print media in promoting their messages and advocacy of the usul ul-jadid or "new method" of teaching in the maktabs of the empire, from which the term Jadidism is derived. As per their Usul-i Jadid system of education, the Jadids established an enterprising institution of schools that taught a standardized, disciplined curriculum to all Muslims across Central Asia. The new curriculum comprised both religious education and material sciences that would be resourceful for the community in tackling the modern-day challenges.
A leading figure to reform the educational system was Ismail Gasprinski. Intellectuals such as Mahmud Khoja Behbudiy (author of the famous play The Patricide and founder of one of Turkestan's first Jadid schools) carried Gaspirali's ideas back to Central Asia. Anti-colonial discourse constituted a major aspect of the Jadid movement. Leaders like Gasprinski promoted anti-Russian activism. Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in the First World War, the Jadids extended their anti-colonial critiques against the allied colonial powers like the British and other Western European empires. Jadid members were recognized and honored in Uzbekistan after the fall of the USSR. (Wikipedia).
Not in OCLC.