[MARY OF ISLAM / PERSIAN MEVLID / SHIA] Mevlid-i Serîf-i Fatımatü'z-Zehrâ. Translated into Ottoman Turkish from Persian Ali b. Haci Esad

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HACI MUHAMMED ES'AD., N.p., Istanbul, [AH 1327] = 1911.

Original wrappers. Demy 8vo. (21 x 14 cm). In Ottoman script (Old Turkish with Arabic letters). 13 p.

Lithographed. First Ottoman edition of this litho book describing the life of Hazrat Fatma in verse and poetically. It includes 74 couplets in 13 pages, written "fâilâtün fâilâtün fâilün" rhythm and translated by the son of the author named Ali b. Haci Esad.

Fatimah al-Zahra bint Muhammad (605-632) was born to the Islamic prophet Muhammad and Khadijah. Sunni Muslims hold that Fatimah was the youngest of their daughters, whereas Shia Muslims maintain that Fatimah was the only biological daughter of the couple. Fatimah's husband was Ali, the fourth of the Rashidun Caliphs and the first Shia Imam. Fatimah's children include Hasan and Husayn, the second and third Shia Imams, respectively. Fatimah occupies a similar position in Islam that Mary, mother of Jesus, occupies in Christianity. She is often viewed as an ultimate archetype for Muslim women and an example of compassion, generosity, and enduring suffering. It is through Fatimah that Muhammad's family line has survived to this date. Controversy surrounds Fatimah's death, within six months of Muhammad's demise. Sunni Islam holds that Fatimah died from grief. In Shia Islam, however, Fatimah's (miscarriage and) death are viewed as the direct result of the injuries that she suffered during a raid on her house, ordered by the first caliph, Abu Bakr. Fatimah and her husband, Ali, had refused to acknowledge the authority of Abu Bakr. The couple and their supporters held that Ali was the rightful successor of Muhammad, appointed by him at the Event of Ghadir Khumm. Iranians celebrate Fatimah's birth anniversary on 20 Jumada al-Thani as Mother's Day.

Not in OCLC.; Özege 13387.