[MAP / IRAN / OIL] Iran: Petroleum information & General information. Presented by the National Iranian Oil Company to the Literacy Corps.
NIOC: THE NATIONAL IRANIAN OIL COMPANY = SHIRKÂT-E MILLÎ NAFT-E ÎRÂN.
NIOC: The National Iranian Oil Company to the Literacy Corps = Medeniyya Shirkat-e Millî Naft-e Irân ba Sepah-e Danish., [Sh.: 1344], France, 1965.
Original color lithograph map on cloth. 92x125,5 cm. Bilingual in English and Persian. Scale: 1:2000000. A double-sided thematic gargantuan map of Iran including detailed Iranian oil and general information prepared by The National Iranian Oil Company, issued in 1965 [1344 Iranian calendar] in the same year with that some new oilfields were found. The Mand Mountain fields, south-east of Bushehr and extending to Khairrabad to the south-west, were found in 1964 and 1965 by the consortium, Kupal, found in 1965 in the central area, Iraqi border east of Baghdad, Tang-e-Bijar, etc. This is the early example of the map series prepared by Shirkât-i Millî Naft-i Irân showing and containing surveys of oil distribution, oil district and concessions, geology, and detailed petroleum information besides the general information of Iran including average annual rainfall, the density of population, mines, airlines, etc. This map series was issued by NIOC in the late 1950s in Zurich firstly. A detailed map showing Iran surrounded by the USSR, Caspian Sea, Turkey, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Muscat and Oman, and Afghanistan. Legends list is very detailed as well. The National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC) is a government-owned national oil and natural gas producer and distributor under the direction of the Ministry of Petroleum of Iran. NIOC was established in 1948 and restructured under The Consortium Agreement of 1954. NIOC ranks as the world's second-largest oil company, after Saudi Arabia's state-owned Aramco. In May 1901, William Knox D'Arcy was granted a concession by the Shah of Iran to search for oil, which he discovered in May 1908. This was the first commercially significant find in the Middle East. In 1923, Burmah Oil employed future Prime Minister, Winston Churchill as a paid consultant; to lobby the British government to allow the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) to have exclusive rights to Persian oil resources, which were successfully granted. In 1935, Rezâ Shâh requested the international community to refer to Persia as 'Iran', which was reflected in the name change of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) to the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC). Following World War II, Iranian nationalism was on the rise, especially surrounding the Iranian natural resources being exploited by foreign companies without adequately compensating Iranian taxpayers. AIOC and the pro-western Iranian government led by Prime Minister Ali Razmara, initially resisted nationalist pressure to revise AIOC's concession terms still further in Iran's favour. In March 1951, Ali Razmara was assassinated; and Mohammed Mossadeq, a nationalist, was elected as the new prime minister by the Majlis of Iran. In April 1951, the Majlis nationalized the Iranian oil industry by a unanimous vote, and the National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC) was formed, displacing the AIOC. The AIOC withdrew its management from Iran and organized an effective worldwide embargo of Iranian oil. The British government, which owned the AIOC, contested the nationalization at the International Court of Justice at The Hague, but its complaint was dismissed. By the spring of 1953, incoming US President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorized the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), to organize a coup against the Mossadeq government, the 1953 Iranian coup d'état. In August 1953, the coup brought pro-Western general Fazlollah Zahedi to power as the new PM, along with the return to Iran of the Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi from his brief exile in Italy. The anti-Mossadeq plan was orchestrated by the CIA under the code-name 'Operation Ajax', and by the British SIS (MI6) as 'Operation Boot'. In 1954, the AIOC became the British Petroleum Company. The return of the shah had not meant that British Petroleum was able to monopolize Iranian oil as before. This map printed in France by the NIOC: The National Iranian Oil Company to the Literacy Corps [Medeniyya Shirkat-i Millî Neft-i Irân ba Sepah-e Danish]. Not in OCLC.