[MANUSCRIPT HAND-COLOURED MAP OF SYRIA - PALESTINE - TRANSJORDAN] Suriye - Filistin - Transjordan.
[MAJOR] HALIT ZIYA [TÜRKKAN] (?), (Turkish cartographer, scientist, specialist of cadaster), (1886-1966).
Manuscript Map., [ca. 1929].
Original manuscript color map of Middle East including Syria, Palestine and Transjordan. Signed by cartographer. 28x20 cm. In Turkish (with Latin letters). The Mapping Department, which moved to Ankara from Istanbul after the Independence War, settled in the Attar Basi Khan in Koyunpazari and the press section also started its studies in the building which is the Art School in Ulus today. In 1924, the department, which is still inside the General Directorate Garrison, moved to the hut-shaped buildings with single floor between the Military Sewinghouse and the General Directorate. On the other hand, the production of maps and plans, which were to be used in development services carried out in parallel to the revolutions starting with the declaration of the Republic and following each other, was considered to be based on a legal arrangement. Because of the necessity of an urgent legal arrangement, the bill of law concerning to the General Directorate of Mapping, whose preparations were initiated by Lieut. Gen. M. Sevki (Ölçer) who knew the importance of the subject, was sent to the Ministry of Defense at the beginning of 1925. After the approval of Ministry of Defense, the bill, which was sent to the Prime Ministry, was discussed in the Council of Ministers and presented to the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. As a result; the Mapping Department was re-organized as the General Directorate of Mapping affiliated with the Ministry of Defense with the law bearing the number 657 on May 2, 1925 in order to do all mapping works and meet the needs of maps and plans of all ministries, institutions and organizations. [.] The first application of photogrammetry was made in Kayas, Ankara with the Wild Autograph plotting apparatus which was purchased in that year. Captain Ömer Kadri and Captain Niyazi came back from their photogrammetry education in Germany. Major Halit and Major Nüzhet were sent to France for photogrammetry education and Captain Ishak and Captain Bahri were sent to Germany. Captain Ahmet (Denkmen) and Captain Ömer Kadri attended the Congress of Photogrammetry assembled in Berlin. (Source: The Illustrated History Of Turkish Cartography). Halid Ziya was born in Izmir, Tire. He went to Istanbul and continued to Hendese-i Mülkiye and Engineer Mekteb-i Âlîsi for seven years. After starting with "Aydin Province Umur-i Nafia Third Class Engineering", Halid Ziya Bey, who continued to work as a deputy chief engineer on 14 March 1910, left Aydin and returned to Istanbul after continuing this duty for about six and a half months. As a teacher, he taught Accounting, Algebra, Geometry, and Topography at Halkali Ziraat Mekteb-i Âlîsi and Darussafaka. Halid Ziya Bey, who was appointed as a teacher of Hendese and Cosmography in Kabatas High School, started to practice the profession of engineering and cadastral, which was his main specialty in 1327. After the First World War, the Istanbul Government started its activities in order to capture and neutralize Halid Ziya Bey and his friends. Upon the harsh measures taken, Halid Ziya Bey had to live as a fugitive in the Hasirci Mountains of Eskisehir for a while with the armed force attached to him. Halid Ziya Bey, who was involved in the movement in Anatolia until the end of the National Liberation Struggle, returned to his engineering duty after the proclamation of the Republic and was included in the cadastral works again. In 1925, Halid Ziya Bey was appointed as the Head of the Science Committee of the new cadastre organization. He wrote 5 books on cadastre, photogrammetry, trigonometry, and cadastral tools in 1928 and 1929. In addition, as a result of personal work in 1928, the road between the provincial division of the Republic of Turkey with cities has prepared a comprehensive map to show up in the forest and mining. (Source: Kadastro ne idi, nedir, ne olacaktir, Kadioglu - Yildirir. From Preface.). No scale.