[FIRST TURKISH TRANSLATION OF THE ANABASIS OF ALEXANDER] Tarih-i Iskender bin Filipos. [= The Anabasis of Alexander]. Translated into Ottoman Turkish by Jinâb Bughâkî Efendi (Râzi-zâda - George Rhasis), (19th century).
LUCIUS FLAVIUS ARRIANUS (XENOPHON), (92-175)., Bulaq Printing House, Cairo, 1838.
Original full leather bdg. with its miklep (traditional flap), embossed shamsa (mystical sun) on boards. Roy. 8vo. (24 x 17 cm). In Ottoman script. , 263 p. Sarlavla page decorated with traditional ornaments.
First edition of this extremely rare and the first translation of the Anabasis of Alexander in the Ottoman / Turkish literature. One of 1010 copies.
The Anabasis of Alexander was composed by Arrian of Nicomedia in the second century AD, most probably during the reign of Hadrian. The Anabasis (which survives complete in seven books) is a history of the campaigns of Alexander the Great, specifically his conquest of the Persian Empire between 336 and 323 BC. Both the unusual title "Anabasis" (literally "a journey up-country from the sea") and the work's seven-book structure reflect Arrian's emulation (in structure, style, and content) of the Greek historian Xenophon, whose own Anabasis in seven books concerned the earlier campaign "up-country" of Cyrus the Younger in 401 BC. The Anabasis is by far the fullest surviving account of Alexander's conquest of the Persian Empire. It primarily revolves around the military history, reflecting the content of Arrian's model, Xenophon's Anabasis; the work begins with Alexander's accession to the Macedonian throne in 336 BC and has nothing to say about Alexander's early life (in contrast, say, to Plutarch's Life of Alexander). Nor does Arrian aim to provide a complete history of the Greek-speaking world during Alexander's reign. Arrian's chief sources for his writing of the Anabasis were the lost contemporary histories of the campaign by Ptolemy and Aristobulus and, for his later books, Nearchus. One of Arrian's main aims in writing this work on history seems to have been to correct the standard "Vulgate" narrative of Alexander's reign that was dominant in his own day, primarily associated with the lost writings of the historian Cleitarchus. The Anabasis gives a broadly chronological account of the reign of Alexander the Great of Macedonia (336-323 BC), with a particular focus on military matters.
George Rhasis (Yorgaki Razi) translated Anabasis Alexandrou = "History of Alexander the son of Philip" the work of Xenophon under the title "Târîh-i Iskender bin Filipos". This is the first translation of an ancient Greek historian into Turkish. Georgios Rhasis, who was one of the first writers of the French-Turkish dictionary in the early period, was an Ottoman intellectual who worked as an instructor and translator in Ottoman and French languages. He also taught at the Eastern Languages School in Paris and continued her studies in Corfu and Paris. In 1821 he came to be in Istanbul as a famous orientalist. Rhasis left the city and the homeland he lived in to settle in Tsarist Russia due to concerns during the Greek Revolution in 1821.
The Bulaq or El-Amiriya Press is the first official and governmental printing press to be established in Egypt, and functions according to industrial printing basis, causing not just a qualitative but also a quantitative and knowledgeable leap in science throughout the Arab region. It's established in 1820 by Muhammad Ali Pasha of Egypt and Sudan (1769-1849) and it was part of Muhammad Ali's inclusive development plans for the modernization of Egypt.
Library of Congress, Karl Süssheim Collection, no. 129. (OCLC: 966315151). Only 6 copies in OCLC: 27236333.; Alex II 25.; BM e15.; Cairo FKT 166.; IstUKT 802.; Bianchi CD 155.; Bulaq IF 8:21.; Bulaq FK 7:8.; Ridwan 162.; Özege 19837 (No author and no translator in Özege record).