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SABRI ES'AD [SIYAVUSGIL], (1907-1968).; YASAR NABI [NAYIR], (1908-1981).; MUAMMER LÜTFI [BAHSI], (1903-1947).; VASFI MAHIR [KOCATÜRK], (1907-1961).; ZIYA OSMAN [SABA], (1910-1957).; CEVDET KUDRET [SOLOK], (1907-1997).; KENAN HULUSI [KORAY], (1906-1944). 

Muallim Ahmed Halid Kitabhanesi / Aksam Matbaasi, Ist., 1928.

Paperback. Cr. 8vo. (20 x 14 cm). In Ottoman script. 127, [1] p. The long period of Turkish war, (1911-1922), the efforts to establish the foundations of the new state and introducing new principles to the public, and making them adopt these principles naturally reflected on literature. By the 1930s, however, new republican literature had emerged and was developing in many directions. Nazim Hikmet Ran, a socialist poet who later moved further 'Left' and in 1951 immigrated to the SovietUnion, was already looking beyond the Kemalist Revolution and was anticipating class struggle of the industrialist period. Ironically, this communist poet, who brought so-called classical Marxist humanism into Turkish literature in free verse, wrote the most moving saga of the Turkish War of Independence. Within a few years of his death in the Soviet Union in 1963, his works had been translated into virtually all languages. In contrast o this romantic revolutionary, Yahya Kemal Beyatli constituted a one-man neoclassical school, and Ahmet Hasim wrote a highly colorful symbolist verse under the influence of the French Parnassians. Both poets used the classical quantitative meter and Ottoman vocabulary yet became very popular by appealing to the nostalgia of people who had grown tired of didactic concerns. In reaction to the stereotype, didactic currents in poetry emerged in Seven Torchbearers (Yedi Mes'aleciler), a group that called for experimentation and new departures in the stanzaic and syllabic poetic medium. The group succeeded in bringing about a revolution in poetry; they gave particular encouragement to young poets, whose works they published in their literary reviews. Yedi Mesale movement, after the literary community of Fajr-i Âti, in 1928, seven young people such as Yasar Nabi Nayir, Sabri Esat Siyavusgil, Muammer Lütfi Bahsi, Kenan Hulusi Koray, Ziya Osman Saba, Vasfi Mahir Kocatürk, Cevdet Kudret Solok wanted to start a movement by publishing this book. In the issue of Servet-i Fünun Magazine dated March 22, 1928, they declared that they will publish a book named "Seven Torches". The book is published in April and attracted great attention. The foreword written in the book tells what they will do in the literary field. Contents of this book: Sabri Esat Siyavusgil: Kukla Oyunu [i.e. Puppet game], Yasar Nabi Nayir: Sairin Bahçesi [i.e. The garden of the poet], Vasfi Mahir Kocatürk: Daglarin Derdi [i.e. The suffering of mountians], Ziya Osman Saba: Sebil ve Güvercinler [i.e. The fountain and the doves], Cevdet Kudret Solok: Cenaze ilahisi [i.e. Hymn for funeral, Kenan Hulusi Koray: Denizin Zaferi [i.e. Victory of the sea] (only writer of the story of the group), Muammer Lütfü Bahsi: Dante'nin Ruhuna [i.e. For the soul of Dante]. Ahmet Hasim supported them in the Mesale Dergisi [i.e. Torch Magazine] which was published two months later. The Seven Torchbearers, who continued almost the same thoughts until the 1935s, then proceeded in line with their artistic identity. They wanted to overturn the old generation to underestimate them. They argued that Turkish Literature had been imitating eastern literature for centuries and Western literature after Tanzimat and that it is time to return to itself. This rare book includes a "Mukaddime" [i.e. Introduction] which is a manifest as well. Özege 22927.; Seven institutional copies in OCLC: 553030426 / 642977899 / 976872726. First and Only Edition. Signed and inscribed by Cevdet Kudret Solok. Extremely rare. 

Autograph Turkish poetry Poetic movements Yedi Mes'ale Turkish literature