[COMMUNIST PARTY PROGRAM IN UZBEK] Bütün Ittifak Komünistler Firkasinin Programmasi... = Programma VKP (b), na Uzbekskom iazike... [i.e., Programme of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks). All proletarians of the world, unite!]

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Uzbekiston Dovlet Nesriyoti, Semerkand - Taskent, 1927.

COMPLETE TITLE: [COMMUNIST PARTY PROGRAM IN UZBEK] Bütün Ittifak Komünistler Firkasinin Programmasi. Bütün dünya yoksullari, birlesiniz! = Programma VKP (b), na Uzbekskom iazike. Proletarii vseh ctran, sosdiniaites’! [i.e., Programme of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks). All proletarians of the world, unite!].

Original greenish wrappers. Foolscap 8vo. (17 x 13 cm). In Uzbek with Arabic letters, and bilingual title in Russian and Uzbek on front and rear covers. 68 p., a chipping on the extremity of the front cover, occasional foxing and fading on pages. Ex-library stamp of Fuad Köprülü on title page. Otherwise, an excellent copy.

Extremely rare and unobtainable online first edition of one of the earliest translations in the Stalin period to any language, of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) Programme in Uzbek with Arabic letters, with a remarkable provenance of Fuad Köprülü (1890-1966), who was a highly influential Turkish sociologist, Turkologist, scholar.

After Lenin's death, a power struggle ensued between Joseph Stalin, the party's General Secretary, and Leon Trotsky, the Minister of Defence, each with highly contrasting visions for the future direction of the country. Trotsky sought to implement a policy of permanent revolution, which was predicated on the notion that the Soviet Union would not be able to survive in a socialist character when surrounded by hostile governments, and therefore concluded that it was necessary to actively support similar revolutions in the more advanced capitalist countries. Stalin, however, argued that such a foreign policy would not be feasible with the capabilities then possessed by the Soviet Union and that it would invite the country's destruction by engaging in armed conflict. Rather, Stalin argued that the Soviet Union should, in the meantime, pursue peaceful coexistence and invite foreign investment to develop the country's economy and build socialism in one country.

Ultimately, Stalin gained the greatest support within the party, and Trotsky, who was increasingly viewed as a collaborator with outside forces to depose Stalin, was isolated and subsequently expelled from the party and exiled from the country in 1928. Stalin's policies henceforth would later become collectively known as Stalinism. In 1925, the name of the party was changed to the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks), reflecting that the republics outside of Russia proper were no longer part of an all-encompassing Russian state. The acronym was usually transliterated as VKP(b), or sometimes VCP(b). Stalin sought to formalize the party's ideological outlook into a philosophical hybrid of the original ideas of Lenin with orthodox Marxism into what would be called Marxism–Leninism. Stalin's position as General Secretary became the top executive position within the party, giving Stalin significant authority over party and state policy.

As of January 2024, we could not trace any copies in the OCLC.