[ADS / ROYALTY / MEDAL] Autograph document signed 'Carol I', a medal reward certificate given to Mustafa Hasim Pasha, (1852-1920), with co-signatures by Ministrul Afacerilor Straine Canccelar al Ordinelor General de divizie Iacob N. Lahovary
[ADS / ROYALTY / MEDAL] Autograph document signed 'Carol I', a medal reward certificate given to Mustafa Hasim Pasha, (1852-1920), with co-signatures by Ministrul Afacerilor Straine Canccelar al Ordinelor General de divizie I. Danovan, and Sheful Serviciului A. M. Mitibieu.
CAROL I [CHARLES I OF ROMANIA], (The King and the first monarch of Romania from 1866 to his death in 1914), (1839-1914).
Carol I ALS / ADS., Dated 4th of July, Romania, 1905.
Original manuscript and partly printed autograph document signed by The King of Romania Carol I, a medal reward certificate given to Mustafa Hasim Pasha, (1852-1920), with co-signatures by Ministrul Afacerilor Straine Cancelar al Ordinelor General de divizie Iacob N. Lahovary, (1846-1907), and Sheful Serviciului A. M. Mitibieu (?). 34x22 cm. In Romanian. Bifolium. 1 p. Blind-stamped by Romanian royalty sign. "Carol I pringratia lui Dumnedeu si vointa nationala Rege al Romaniei. La toti de fata si viitori, Sanatate. Dorind a da un semn de a Nostra buna vointa 'Excelentei Sale Hachim Pasa Ministrude Instructure publica al Turcici. Noi ii conferim gradul de Mare Cruce al Ordinului Steula Romaniei, Spre credinta ii dam acest brevet semnat de Noi si investit cu sigiliul Ordinului, Dat in Castelul Pelesh, la 4 Julie 1905". [i.e. Carol I, the grace of God and the national will, King of Romania. To all present and future, Health. Wishing to give a sign of Our Goodwill to His Excellency Hachim Pasa Minister of Public Instruction of Turkey. We confer on him the rank of Grand Cross of the Order of the Steula of Romania]. A good paper, one page on bifolium. Carol I, born Prince Karl of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, was the first monarch of Romania from 1866 to his death in 1914, ruling as Prince (Domnitor) from 1866 to 1881, and as King from 1881 to 1914. He was elected Prince of the Romanian United Principalities on 20 April 1866 after the overthrow of Alexandru Ioan Cuza by a palace coup d'etat. In May 1877, he proclaimed Romania an independent and sovereign nation. The defeat of the Ottoman Empire (1878) in the Russo-Turkish War secured Romanian independence, and he was proclaimed King on 26 March [O.S. 14 March] 1881. He was the first ruler of the Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen dynasty, which ruled the country until the proclamation of a socialist republic in 1947. During his reign, Carol I personally led Romanian troops during the Russo-Turkish War and assumed command of the Russo/Romanian army during the siege of Plevna. The country achieved internationally recognized independence via the Treaty of Berlin, 1878 and acquired Southern Dobruja from Bulgaria in 1913. Domestic political life was organized around the rival Liberal and Conservative parties. During Carol's reign, Romania's industry and infrastructure were much improved, but the country still had an agrarian-focused economy and the situation of the peasantry failed to improve, leading to a major revolt bloodily suppressed by the authorities. He married Princess Elisabeth of Wied in Neuwied on 15 November 1869. They only had one daughter, Maria, who died at the age of three. Carol never produced a male heir, leaving his elder brother Leopold next in line to the throne. In October 1880 Leopold renounced his right of succession in favour of his son William, who in turn surrendered his claim six years later in favour of his younger brother, the future king Ferdinand. (Wikipedia). Mustafa Hasim Pasha, (1852-1920), was one of the Ottoman grand viziers of Georgian origin. He was son of Sheik Al-Islam Ahmed Muhtar, (1807-1882). He served as the President of the Court of Justice and the Undersecretariat of the Ministry of Justice. Iacob N. Lahovary was a member of the Romanian aristocracy, a general, politician and diplomat who served as the Minister of War and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Romania.