[1968-69 BOYCOTTS AGAINST THE AMERICAN SIXTH FLEET IN TURKEY] A photograph collection including a Turkish anti-imperialist hero Deniz Gezmis and his friends' rare images, meetings against the American Sixth Fleet, and boycotts in 1969

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[FIRST AND EARLY ANTI-AMERICAN MOVEMENTS IN TURKEY].

Newspaper and Photograph Collection, [Istanbul], 1969.

Original rare eight press photos and one newspaper; a collection including Turkish anti-imperialist hero Deniz Gezmis (1947-1972) and his friends' meetings against the American Sixth Fleet, and boycotts in 1968-69, with unusual views.

Six photos: 18x24 cm.; two photos: 10x25 cm.; and one "Hürriyet" [i.e., Freedom] Newspaper dated March 17, 1971, Wednesday, with the banner headline "Deniz Gezmis and Yusuf Aslan were caught and arrested!". B/w press photos show TMTF's Meeting [i.e. Turkish National Student Federation] (A Turkish student union, founded in 1916, adopted oppositional, conservative, and leftist views), Direnis Komitesi's Meeting [i.e. Resistance Committee], and other meetings against the American Sixth Fleet in Beyazit and Taksim squares, student actions, Vedat Demircioglu’s (1943-1968) funeral, and Deniz Gezmis with his friends are in the boycott and the last one shows the crowd led by Deniz Gezmis, who gives a speech.

In 1946, President Truman dispatched battleship Missouri to Eastern Mediterranean, ostensibly to return the body of Münir Ertegün, former Turkish Ambassador to Washington, back to Istanbul. However, perhaps a much stronger motive was to demonstrate the power of the US vis a vis Soviet threats to Turkey and Iran. Protests increased after the United States Sixth Fleet (a numbered fleet of the United States Navy operating as part of United States Naval Forces Europe and the Mediterranean), arrived in Turkey. Turkish Marxist-Leninist revolutionary, political activist, and one of the founding members of the People's Liberation Army of Turkey (THKO) Deniz Gezmis became increasingly politically active in this period and led the student-organized occupation of Istanbul University on June 12, 1968. After the occupation was brought to an end by the use of force, he spearheaded protests against the arrival of the US 6th Fleet in Istanbul. Deniz Gezmis was arrested for these actions on July 30, 1968, to be released on October 20 of the same year. Unrest peaked on February 16, 1969, when 30,000 people marched on Taksim Square. The demonstration was broken up by the police, but several thousand continued marching towards Taksim. It was at this point that an anti-revolution force attacked them with knives and sticks. In this confrontation, two protesters, Ali Turgut and Duran Erdogan, were killed. Egyptian Feroz Ahmad, a prominent Turkey expert, refers to Bloody Sunday as "an example of organized, fascist violence", alluding to right-wing elements responsible for the violence. Left-right political tensions ran high for most of the 1960s and 1970s, and Gezmis and companions are considered by some as "Turkey's Che Guevara and companeros".

A fine photographic collection documenting very early anti-American movements in Turkey, and the events of '68-'69 led by Deniz Gezmis.

COMPLETE TITLE:

 [1968-69 BOYCOTTS AGAINST THE AMERICAN SIXTH FLEET IN TURKEY] A photograph collection including a Turkish anti-imperialist hero Deniz Gezmis and his friends' rare images, meetings against the American Sixth Fleet, and boycotts in 1969.