[THE DECLARATION OF SOPRON] Kara Mustafa Pasa'nin Suprun [sic. Sopron] sehri ahâlisine beyannâmesi. [= Une déclaration de Kara Moustafa Pacha aux habitants de Sopron]. Prep. by Halil Edhem [Eldem], (1861-1938)

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MERZIFONLU KARA MUSTAPHA PASHA, (1635-1683).

 

Ahmed Ihsan ve Sürekâsi Matbaacilik Osmanli Sirketi., Istanbul, [R: 1238], 1912.

 

Paperback. Roy. 8vo. (24 x 17 cm). In Ottoman script. 16 p. Kara Mustafa Pasa'nin Suprun sehri ahalisine beyannâmesi. [= Une déclaration de Kara Moustafa Pacha aux habitants de Sopron].

A declaration of Kara Mustafa Pasha to the inhabitants of Sopron, near Wien, during the Siege of Vienna, (July 17-Sept. 12, 1683). Separatum 'Tarih-i Osmanî Encümeni Mecmuasinin 15'. Roumi: 1328 = AD: 1912.

This is the first printed edition includes the text and historical analysis of the declaration.

Merzifonlu Kara Mustapha Pasha [i.e. Mustafa Pasha the Courageous of Merzifon], (1635-1683), was an Ottoman military commander and Grand Vizier, who was a central character in the Ottoman Empire's last attempts at expansion into both Central and Eastern Europe. In 1683, he launched a campaign northward into Austria in the last effort to expand the Ottoman Empire after more than 150 years of war. By mid-July, his 100,000-man army had besieged Vienna (guarded by 10,000 Habsburg soldiers), following in the footsteps of Suleiman the Magnificent in 1529. By September, he had taken a portion of the walls and appeared to be on his way to victory. But on 12 September 1683, a Polish army under King Jan Sobieski took advantage of dissent within the Ottoman military command and poor disposition of his troops, winning the Battle of Vienna with a devastating flank attack led by Sobieski's Polish Winged Hussars. The Ottomans retreated into Hungary, much of which was subsequently conquered by the Habsburgs and their Holy League allies. The defeat cost Mustafa his position, and ultimately, his life. On 25 December 1683, Kara Mustafa was executed in Belgrade at the order of Mehmed IV. He suffered death by strangulation with a silk cord, which was the method of capital punishment inflicted on high-ranking persons in the Ottoman Empire.

Only one copy in OCLC: 1040815458 (Bibliothèque de Genève).; Özege 24972. 

The Siege of Vienna The Ottoman Empire