[OTTOMAN "DE LAPIDIBUS": AN EARLY LITHOGRAPH BOOK OF LAPIDARY - CAIOL PRINTING HOUSE] Cevâhirnâme. [i.e. The book of the gemstones].

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ANONYM.

Kayolzâde Printing House., Ist., [AH 1273] = 1857.

Recent Ottoman style cloth bdg. Tear on the last page which affected the text, stains on the page before the title page. Trimmed pages contemporary. Otherwise a good copy. 12mo. (17 x 11 cm). In Ottoman script (Turkish with Arabic letters). 36 p. Rare first and only edition of the first printed book on gemstones in the Ottoman / Turkish world. Starting from the 8th century, Muslims translated and used scientific works written in the early ages on stones and metals. During this period, they established connections with Greek, Iranian and Indian civilizations, especially on the works of Sokatos, Xeuskrates, Bolos Demokritos, Alexandrios of Tralles, Dioscorides, Galenos, and Apollonios of Tyana. Muslim Ottoman scholars named the field of science, which studied and introduced precious and semi-precious stones, as "Ilm-i Cevahir" [i.e. Lapidary] and saw it as a branch of 'Ilm-i Ma'adin', that is, the science of mines. As can be understood from the information given in the Introduction, this work has been shortened from a translation that the author called "Cevahirname-i Asliyye" and consists of twelve chapters. In these sections, twelve precious and semi-precious stones such as diamond, ruby, lâl, emerald, pearl, turquoise, pad-zehr, anber-i esheb, laciverd, coral, agate, and jade are introduced in detail. How the precious and semi-precious stones are formed, where they are extracted, their types, qualities or properties, commercial values, usage ways or places, and finally their medical benefits and harms are stated as well as very interesting rumors and legends about them. It is thought that this interpretation was arranged for the use of "cevherî" or "ehl-i cevâhîr", that is, traders dealing with the trade of stone; because, during the introduction of the stones, scientific details were not given much importance and especially the types and values of the stones that were most encountered and used in daily life were specified. Henri Cayol (1805-1865), who carried out the printing business, came to Istanbul with his uncle Jacques Cailloil in 1831 and founded the first lithography printing house in Bab-i Seraskeri under the protection of Serasker Hüsrev Mehmed Pasha. In 1837, when Hüsrev Mehmed Pasha was dismissed as a seraskier, Cayol established a new printing house in his name in Beyoglu and printed books in foreign languages by bringing related materials from France. Özege 2976.; TBTK 7461.; Not in OCLC. First and Only Edition.